linzer torte
Linzer Torte

Ho baka ho bapisoa le Linzer Torte ho se ho fumanoe Egepeta ea boholo-holo 'me likuku tse nang le metsoako e tšoanang le ea Linzer Torte li ne li se li entsoe' Musong oa Roma. Ka nako e telele, likuku tsa almonde e ne e le e 'ngoe ea lijo tse mabothobotho tseo batho ba phahameng feela ba neng ba ka li khona.

Recipe ea khale ka ho fetisisa ea Linzer Torte e tsoa lekholong la bo17 la lilemo. Ka 1619 ho ile ha fanoa ka "Mandl Dortten" ka lekhetlo la pele. Buka ea ho pheha ea Countess Anna Margarita Sagramosa ho tloha ka 1653 e na le litlolo tse 'nè tse nang le lentsoe "Linz" sehloohong. Buka ea pele ea ho pheha e hatisitsoeng e nang le risepe ea Linzer Torte ke "New Saltzburg Cook Book" ea baroque ho tloha ka 1718 ka Conrad Hagger, "moapehi oa lekhotla, toropo le naha" oa borena Saltzburg.

"Lintzer Taig" e ntle le e monate e na le botoro, lialmonde, phofo, tsoekere, mahe, lekhapetla la lemone le "Lintzer Dorte" e entsoeng ka marang-rang e khabisitsoeng ka holim'a parquet, ho pholletsa le libaka tse sa lefelloeng tseo jeme e khubelu e khanyang. . Ka lebaka la mokhabiso oa lattice, molumo o ka tlaase o bonahala e le litaemane tse nyenyane, tse moqotetsane, li-parallelograms tse lekanang, li-square tse nang le mahlakore a mane a bolelele bo lekanang. Taemane e boetse e tsejoa e le daemane, e 'ngoe ea mebala e mene papaling ea likarete tsa Fora.

Paterone ea daemane ea Linzer Torte ka tšoantšetso e emela ideogram, setšoantšo se entsoeng ka setaele se ka emelang sebaka sa khoeli se ntseng se phunyeletsa. Rhombus ke semela, mohlala, rue, eo lebitso la eona le tsoang lentsoeng la Selatine "rūta". Esita le lentsoe la Sejeremane le Phahameng ka ho Fetisisa "rūte" le fetisetsoa ho sebopeho se khanyang sa likarolo tse 'nè tsa lipalesa tsa rue. E sebelisoa e le ntho ea setaele ka liaparo tsa matsoho, moralo oa eona o thehiloeng meahong e bonolo ea geometri. Ho thebe ea daemane, e sebelisoang ka lentsoe la Sefora le Senyesemane bakeng sa basali ba sa nyaloang le ba bahlolohali, taemane e ka holimo. Thebe e joalo ea daemane e bitsoa thebe ea basali.

Ke beha lesela le letle joang ho Linzertorte ea ka?

Bakeng sa lesela le letle holim'a Linzertorte, rola hlama e nyenyane ka linoha ka boholo ba monoana o monyenyane ebe u beha linoha tsa hlama tse tšetsoeng holim'a jeme ea kuku. Libukeng tsa ho pheha tsa histori u ka fumana mekhoa ea bonono ea li-lattices tsa kuku tse hopotsang tracery ea Gothic kapa lifensetere tsa Moorish. Linz, grating e atisa ho sebelisoa ka sprayer ea morara kapa mokotla oa liphaephe, o ka nkang matla a mangata.

Ka lebaka la karolo e phahameng ea botoro, lialmonde, tsoekere le lisirilamunu hammoho le linoko tse tsoang mose ho maoatle tse ileng tsa eketsoa hamorao, Linzer Torte e ne e boloketsoe batho ba ruileng nako e telele. Ka ho thehoa ha feme ea pele ea tsoekere ea beet Prussia ka 1801, Linzer Torte e ne e ata ka potlako. kuku e ile ea fumaneha ho batho ba bangata.

Ka ho ntša tsoekere ho li-beet, Prussia le eona e ile ea ikemela ho tsoa kantle ho tsoekere ea 'moba mose ho maoatle, e ileng ea thatafalloa ke mokoallo oa Napoleon. Bahlabani ba bolumeli ba ile ba tlisa tsoekere e entsoeng ka 'moba, "khauta e tšoeu", Europe hoo e ka bang ka 1100. Leha ho le joalo, tsoekere e ne e le ntho ea boiketlo. 1 kg ea tsoekere e ne e lekana le boleng ba phapanyetsano ea likhomo tse peli tsa nama ea khomo. Bongata ba baahi ba ne ba tlameha ho natefisa lijo tsa bona ka mahe a linotši kapa sirapo.

Archduke Franz Karl Joseph oa Austria, mora oa Moemphera Franz II./I. le ntate oa Moemphera oa ka moso Franz Joseph I, o ile a lula Linz tseleng e eang Bad Ischl ’me a nka kuku ea Linz le eena. Recipe ea likuku e ile ea fihla USA ka 1856 hobane Franz Hölzhuber oa Upper Austrian oa Gründberg haufi le Steyr, ea ileng a ea Milwaukee e le mookameli oa sehlopha, o ile a tlameha ho qala ho ea moo e le confectioner.

Botoro le botoro e hlakisitsoeng

Botoro e hlakisitsoeng ke mafura a lebese a kristale, athe botoro ke "emulsion e tiileng" ea metsi a mafura a lebese a metsi. Ka lebaka la metsi a fokolang, botoro e hlakisitsoeng e ka bolokoa nako e telele ho feta botoro mocheso oa kamore. Botoro e hlakisitsoeng e sebelisoa ho boloka botoro e ncha.

Tlhahiso ea botoro e hlakisitsoeng

Ho etsa botoro e hlakisitsoeng, botoro e futhumatsoa ka hloko 'me e bolokoe e le metsi ho fihlela protheine e kopantsoeng e lula ka har'a foam le ka tlase' me metsi a fetoha mouoane. Kaha botoro e hlakisitsoeng e hloekileng ha e na metsi kapa protheine, e ka futhumatsoa ka matla haholo, moo monko oa botoro o bolokiloeng.

Recipe

Botoro, lialmonde, tsoekere, phofo le linoko tse monate li ile tsa sebelisoa bakeng sa hlama, 'me lekhapetla la lemone e ne e le eona feela monko o monate oa Linzer Torte ka nako e telele. Ho baka ho ne ho etsoa ntle le ho lomosoa, ke hore, lintho tse hlahisang carbon dioxide 'me kahoo li lokolla hlama.

Li-diresepe tsa khale li fapane le tse nyenyane ka hore hlama e ne e e-na le botoro e hlakileng le tile ea botoro e ne e boetse e hatelloa ka har'a hlama ka makhetlo a 5, e leng mokhoa oa ho itokisa o tšoanang le ho lokisoa ha puff pastry ho feta shortcrust pastry. Ho phaella moo, kaka e ne e lokiselitsoe e le seo ho thoeng ke "Schuessel-Dorten". Ke hore, hlama e ne e kenngoa ka sekotlolo, e tletseng litholoana, e behe lesela la hlama ka holimo 'me e besoe e sa chese haholo. quince e ne e le mokhoa o ratoang oa ho tlatsa likuku tsa khale tsa Linz.

Quince ke e 'ngoe ea mefuta ea khale ka ho fetisisa ea litholoana lefatšeng' me e rehiloe lebitso la motse oa Bagerike oa Chania, o ka leboea-bophirimela ho sehlekehlekeng sa Kreta. quince e ne e le tholoana e halalelang ea Aphrodite 'me e emela tsoalo le bophelo bo bolelele. Nakong eo Kreta e neng e hapiloe ka eona, ho boleloa hore Baroma ba ile ba nka quince le bona ho ea ’Musong oa Roma.

Litemaneng tsa khale, Linzer Torte e entsoeng ka hlama e bobebe e fumanoa haholo-holo, e bile hamorao feela moo hlama e lefifi ea Linzer e ileng ea tsebahala. Ho fapana le khanya e fapaneng, sena se ne se e-na le lialmonde tse sa ebolloang hammoho le linoko tse ling tse kang sinamone, cloves kapa nutmeg. Natimeg e ile ea hlaha litlolong tsa Linzer Torte khale ka 1740, empa ha nako e ntse e ea e ile ea nka setulo se ka morao molemong oa sinamone, li-clove le linoko tse ncha.

Johann-Konrad-Vogel-Strasse, ea mathang Linz ho tloha Dametzstrasse ho ea Martin-Luther-Platz, eo sebakeng sa hae ho nang le moetsi oa likuku oa Linz, o rehelletsoe ka sekontiri sa Franconian Johann Conrad Vogel ea ileng a nyala sekontiri sa Linz ka 1823 le eo nako e telele a neng a nkoa e le moqapi oa Linzer Torte.

Lisebelisoa tsa Johann Conrad Vogel's Linzer Torte

Metsoako ea Linzer Torte e entsoeng ke Johann Conrad Vogel ke: botoro, tsoekere, phofo, nutmeg e halikiloeng, lekhapetla la lemon, rum, jeme ea currant.

Boitokisetso: Tobetsa likarolo tse peli ho tse tharo tsa pastry e khuts'oane ka thini ea kuku, tlatsa jeme ea currant, e koahele ka lesela la hlama ebe u chesa metsotso e 50 ka likhato tse 170. E lumelle hore e phomole bonyane matsatsi a 3.

Ka kuku ena, e entsoeng ho latela risepe ea Johann Conrad Vogel bakeng sa barati ba mahobe a crumbly, lialmonde kapa linate ha li eo le hoja almonde e ne e kenyelelitsoe litlolong tsa Linzer Torte ho fihlela qetellong ea lekholo la bo19 la lilemo. E bile mathoasong a lekholo la bo20 la lilemo moo makotomane a neng a sebelisoa ho e-na le lialmonde.

Nakong ea Ntoa ea Pele ea Lefatše ho ne ho e-na le seo ho thoeng ke "Ntoa ea Linz cakes". Tsena li ne li e-na le oatmeal e halikiloeng ho e-na le linate.

Ka 2009, selemo seo motse-moholo oa Upper Austrian Linz e Danube e ileng ea e-ba Motse-moholo oa Setso sa Europe, letsatsi la pele la Linzer Torte le ile la etsahala, nakong eo ho ileng ha e-ba le tlhōlisano ea ho baka, moo mahobe a 133 a Linz a ileng a ahloloa ke lekhotla la lekhotla. litsebi. Ha ho kuku ea Linz e neng e tšoana le e 'ngoe.

Recipe e hapileng tlholisano ea Linzer Torten Baking:

Lijo:

500 g, botoro

250 g, sifted phofo tsoekere

Mahe a 5

50 g ea aranzini e hahiloeng hantle

Letsoai le le leng

120 g ea walnuts e halikiloeng

450 g ea makotomane a halikiloeng le grated

330 g, phofo e hloekisitsoeng

1 teaspoon ea sinamone

jeme ea redcurrant

Ho lokisoa ha Linzer Torte:

Linzer Torte ena e lokiselitsoe ka tsela e latelang: Botoro, tsoekere, mahe le aranzini li tlosoa hammoho 'me li kopantsoe le metsoako e setseng. Hlama e sala ho phomola sebakeng se phodileng. Ebe likarolo tse peli ho tse tharo tsa hlama li kenngoa ka har'a thini ea kuku ebe e tlotsoa ka jeme ea currant. Gridi e ajoa holim'a kaka ho tloha karolong ea boraro ea ho qetela ea hlama.

Ntho e tsotehang ka risepe ena ke hore ho kentsoe letsoai la letsoai 'me ho linoko tse tloaelehileng ho kenyelletsoa feela sinamone. Aranzini e khaotsoeng hantle, e entsoeng ka candied, e entsoeng ka lekhapetla la lilamunu tse babang, e se e hlalositsoe ho "Lijo tse 100 tsa khale tsa Austria"Ka Ewald Plachutta (mohlophisi), le Christoph Wagner (mohlophisi) bakeng sa Linzer Torte.

Tšimoloho ea lebitso la Linzer Torte

Lebitso la Linzer Torte mohlomong le khutlela ho "Linzer Teig”, eo ka li-circles tse ikhethang e neng e bolela pastry e khuts'oane.

Summary

Linzer Torte ke kuku e entsoeng ka pastry e tsosolositsoeng, e bitsoang hlama ea Linz, e nang le karolo e phahameng ea linate tse nang le jeme e tlatsitsoeng ka mokhoa o bonolo, hangata jeme ea currant, 'me ka tloaelo e etsoa ka lesela la hlama e le lera le ka holimo.

mohloli o moholo

Linz likuku ka tsela e fapaneng, Waltraud Faißner, Library of the Upper Austrian State Museum, Linz 2010, Verlag Bibliothek der Provinz, A-3970 Weitra, Austria

Linzer Torte e bitsa eng?

Linzertorte ea boholo bo tloaelehileng, 1kg e boima e bitsa 23.50 € ho ho hofbäckerei ho Pfarrgasse 17, ka 4020 Linz, Austria. Ho moetsi oa kuku Heuschober ho Martin-Luther-Platz e Linz, Linzertorte e bitsa chelete e pakeng tsa € 12.90 le € 25. Likuku li na le bophara ba lisenthimithara tse 12 ho isa ho tse 22. Ho Jindrak confectionery ho Herrenstrasse 22-24, ho A-4020 Linz, 18 cm Linzertorte ka lebokoseng la lehong e bitsa € 20.90, le kuku ea 10 cm € 10.60.

Nka fumana Linzer Torte e ntle ka ho fetisisa hokae?

Linzertorte e ntle ka ho fetisisa e ka fumanoa ntlong ea kofi e Linz. Matlo a kofi a nang le Linzer Torte tse ntle ka ho fetisisa ke: The Jindrak confectionery ka Herrenstrasse 22-24, the ho hofbäckerei Pfarrgasse 17 le lebenkeleng la likuku Kafé Heuschober ho Martin-Luther-Platz e Linz.

Ke jeme efe e ka har'a Linzer Torte?

Jeme ea currant e khubelu ke jeme e ratoang ho Linzer Torte. Jeme ea currant (jelly ea currant) e ajoa ka khaba holim'a setsi sa kaka, se boima ba lisenthimithara tse peli, empa eseng ho ea fihla moeling. Li-currants tse khubelu tse nang le bolila ba tsona bo bocha li tsamaisana hantle le linoko tse sebelisoang haholo 'me bofubelu ba tsona bo kenya letsoho ponahalong e khabisitsoeng ea Linzer Torte.

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