ʻO ka lā huakaʻi i Salzburg

Salzburg Kurgarten
Salzburg Kurgarten

Ma ka Neustadt o Salzburg, ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo Andräviertel, ma ka ʻākau o ka Mirabell Gardens, aia kahi puʻu, hoʻohālikelike ʻia i kahi mauʻu, kahi i kapa ʻia ʻo Kurpark, kahi i hana ʻia ai kahi ākea a puni ka Andräkirche ma hope o ka luku ʻana i nā bastions nui mua. . Aia i loko o ka māla spa kekahi mau kumulāʻau kahiko e like me ka hoʻoilo a me ke kauwela linden, Japanese cherry, robinia, katsura tree, plane tree a me Japanese maple.
ʻO kahi ala wāwae i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no Bernhard Paumgartner, ka mea i ʻike ʻia ma o kāna moʻolelo moʻolelo e pili ana iā Mozart, e holo ana ma ka palena me ke kūlanakauhale kahiko a hoʻopili iā Mariabellplatz me ka puka komo mai ka Kurpark a i ka papahele liʻiliʻi, ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o ka Mirabell Gardens. Eia naʻe, ma mua o kou komo ʻana i nā kīhāpai makemake paha ʻoe e ʻimi mua i kahi lumi hoʻomaha lehulehu.

Inā ʻoe e nānā iā Salzburg mai luna mai hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike aia ke kūlanakauhale ma ka muliwai a ua palena ʻia ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua e nā puʻu liʻiliʻi. Ma ke komohana hema e ka poai o Festungsberg a me Mönchsberg a ma ka hikina akau o Kapuzinerberg.

ʻO ka mauna paʻa, ʻo Festungsberg, aia ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o Salzburg Pre-Alps a ʻo ka hapa nui o Dachstein limestone. ʻO Mönchsberg, Monks' Hill, aia i ka conglomerate a pili i ke komohana o ka mauna pakaua. ʻAʻole ia i huki ʻia e ka Salzach Glacier no ka mea e kū ana ma ka malu o ka mauna pakaua.

ʻO ka Kapuzinerberg, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o ka muliwai e like me ka mauna pakaua, aia ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o Salzburg Limestone Pre-Alps. Loaʻa iā ia he mau maka pōhaku kiʻekiʻe a me kahi puʻupuʻu ākea a ʻo ka hapa nui i hana ʻia me ka limestone Dachstein a me ka pōhaku dolomite. ʻO ka hopena o ka ʻūlū ʻana o ka Salzach Glacier i hāʻawi i ka Kapuzinerberg i kona ʻano.

ʻO ka lumi hoʻomaha lehulehu ma Mirabell Square ma Salzburg
ʻO ka lumi hoʻomaha lehulehu ma Mirabell Gardens Square ma Salzburg

ʻO ka Mirabell Gardens ka manawa mua e kipa aku ai i kahi lā huakaʻi i Salzburg. ʻO nā kaʻa kaʻa e hōʻea ana i ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Salzburg e hoʻokuʻu i kā lākou poʻe holo ka hui-T o ke alanui Paris-Lodron me Mirabell Square a me Dreifaltigkeitsgasse, ke kahua kaʻa kaʻa ʻākau. Eia kekahi, aia kahi kaʻa, ka CONTIPARK Parkplatz Mirabell-Congress-Garage, ma Mirabell Square nona ka helu wahi pololei o Faber Straße 6-8. O kēia ka loulou e hele i ka paka kaʻa me nā palapala ʻāina google. Ma kēlā ʻaoʻao o ke alanui ʻo Mirabell Square helu 3 aia kahi lumi hoʻomaha lehulehu i manuahi. ʻO kēia loulou i google maps hāʻawi iā ʻoe i kahi kikoʻī o ka lumi hoʻomaha ākea e kōkua iā ʻoe i ka loaʻa ʻana o ia ma lalo o kahi hale ma lalo o ka malu e hāʻawi ana i nā kumulāʻau.

Unicorn ma Salzburg Mirabell Gardens
Unicorn ma Salzburg Mirabell Gardens

ʻO kahi alapiʻi marble neo-baroque, e hoʻohana ana i nā ʻāpana o ka balustrade mai ka hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni o ke kūlanakauhale i wāwahi ʻia a me nā kiʻi unicorn, e hoʻopili ai i ka Kurgarten ma ka ʻākau me ka papahele liʻiliʻi o ka Mirabell Gardens ma ka hema.

ʻO ka unicorn kekahi holoholona e like me ka a ka lio me ka pu ma kona lae. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia he holoholona ʻino, ikaika a nani hoʻi, he ʻauwaʻa wāwae e hiki ke hopu wale ʻia ke waiho ʻia ke kaikamahine puʻupaʻa i mua ona. Lele ka unicorn i ka uha o ka wahine puupaa, omo ia ia a alakai aku ia ia i ka halealii o ke alii. Ua hoʻohana ʻia nā ʻanuʻu ʻuʻuku ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻokani pila e Maria a me nā keiki von Trapp i ka Sound of Music.

Unicorns ma nā ʻanuʻu i Mirabell Gardens
Unicorns ma nā ʻanuʻu i Mirabell Gardens

ʻElua mau pōhaku nunui unicorns, nā lio me ka pū ma ko lākou poʻo, e moe ana ma ko lākou mau wāwae e kiaʻi i ka "Musical Steps", ka puka o ka puka ʻākau o ka Mirabell Gardens. Leʻaleʻa nā kaikamahine liʻiliʻi, akā noʻonoʻo i ka holo ʻana iā lākou. ʻO nā unicorns e moe palahalaha ma ke alapiʻi i hiki i nā kaikamahine liʻiliʻi ke hehi pololei iā lākou. Me he mea lā e hoʻolalelale ana nā holoholona puka i ka noʻonoʻo o nā kaikamāhine. Hiki i ka mea hahai holoholona ke hoʻowalewale i ka unicorn me kahi wahine puʻupaʻa maʻemaʻe. Hoʻokomo ʻia ka unicorn e kekahi mea hiki ʻole ke haʻi ʻia.

Nā Māla Mirabell Salzburg
Nānā ʻia nā māla Mirabell mai ka "The Musical Steps"

ʻO ka Mirabell Gardens kahi māla baroque ma Salzburg kahi ʻāpana o ka UNESCO World Heritage Historic Center o ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Salzburg. ʻO ka hoʻolālā o ka Mirabell Gardens i kona ʻano i kēia manawa ua kauoha ʻia e Prince Archbishop Johann Ernst von Thun ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach. I ka makahiki 1854 ua wehe ʻia ka Mirabell Gardens i ka lehulehu e Emperor Franz Joseph.

ʻO ke Alapiʻi Marble Baroque Mirabell Palace
ʻO ke Alapiʻi Marble Baroque Mirabell Palace

Ua kūkulu ʻia ka Hale Aliʻi ʻo Mirabell i ka makahiki 1606 e ka mōʻī-kapikopiko ʻo Wolf Dietrich no kāna aloha Salome Alt. ʻO ka "Baroque Marble Staircase" ke alakaʻi nei i ka Hale Marble o Mirabell Palace. Hoʻokumu ʻia ke alapiʻi ʻehā lele kaulana (1722) i ka hoʻolālā ʻana e Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt. Ua kūkulu ʻia i ka makahiki 1726 e Georg Raphael Donner, ka mea kālai kiʻi koʻikoʻi o ʻEulopa i kona wā. Ma kahi o kahi balustrade, ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia me nā parapets noʻonoʻo i hana ʻia me C-arcs a me nā volutes me nā mea hoʻonani putti.

Hale Aliʻi ʻo Mirabell
Hale Aliʻi ʻo Mirabell

Kiʻekiʻe, me ka lauoho ʻulaʻula a me nā maka hina, ʻo Salome Alt, ka wahine maikaʻi loa o ke kūlanakauhale. Ua ʻike ʻo Wolf Dietrich iā ia i ka wā ʻahaʻaina ma ke keʻena inu kūlanakauhale ma Waagplatz. Ma laila i mālama ʻia ai nā papa kūhelu o ka ʻaha kūkā o ke kūlanakauhale a ua pau nā hana hoʻonaʻauao. Ma hope o kona koho ʻia ʻana ma ke ʻano he Kamāliʻi ʻAkipihopa ʻo Wolf Dietrich, ua hoʻāʻo ʻo ia e loaʻa i kahi ʻāpana e hiki ai iā ia ke mare ʻia ma ke ʻano he kahunapule. ʻOiai ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o kona ʻanakala, ʻo Cardinal Marcus Sitticus von Hohenems, ua hāʻule kēia papahana. I ka makahiki 1606, ua kūkulu ʻia ʻo ia ʻo Altenau Castle, i kapa ʻia i kēia manawa ʻo Mirabell, no Salome Alt, i hoʻohālike ʻia ma ka Roman "Ville suburbane".

Pegasus ma waena o nā Liona
Pegasus ma waena o nā Liona

E holo ana ʻo Bellerophon, ka mea koa nui a me ka pepehi kanaka i ka lio lele i hopu ʻia. ʻO kāna hana nui loa ʻo ia ka pepehi ʻana i ka monster Chimera, he kino kao me ke poo o ka liona a me ka huelo nahesa. Ua loaʻa iā Bellerophon ka hōʻino ʻole o nā akua ma hope o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e holo iā Pegasus ʻO Mount Olympus e hui pū me lākou.

Punawai Pegasus Salzburg
Punawai Pegasus

Punawai Pegasus e lele ʻo Maria a me nā keiki i ka Sound of Music i ka hīmeni ʻana i ka Do Re Mi. Pegasus, ka kaʻao ke akua ka lio he mamo na ka Hoʻolaha akua Poseidon, akua o na lio. Ma na wahi a pau i ku ai ka lio eheu i kona maiuu i ka honua, ua poha ka punawai hooulu.

Liona kiaʻi i nā ʻanuʻu ʻo Bastion
Liona kiaʻi i nā ʻanuʻu ʻo Bastion

ʻElua mau liona pōhaku e waiho ana ma ka pā pōhaku, ʻo kekahi ma mua, a ʻo kekahi i hāpai iki i ka nānā ʻana i ka lewa, e kiaʻi i ka puka komo mai ka papahele liʻiliʻi a hiki i ka māla bastion. He ʻekolu liona ma ka ʻaʻahu o ka poʻe Babenberg. Aia ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o ka ʻaʻahu mokuʻāina ʻo Salzburg he liona ʻeleʻele kū pololei i huli ʻia i ka ʻākau me ke gula a ma ka hema, e like me ka mea ma ka pale kaua o Babenberg, e hōʻike ana i kahi pahu kala i ka ʻulaʻula, ka pale kaua Austrian.

ʻO Zwergerlgarten, ka Dwarf Gnome Park

ʻO ka māla dwarf, me nā kiʻi i hana ʻia me ke kinikini ʻo Mount Untersberg, kahi ʻāpana o ka māla baroque Mirabell i hoʻolālā ʻia e Fischer von Erlach. I ka wā baroque, ua hoʻohana ʻia ka poʻe ulu nui a pōkole ma nā hale hoʻokolokolo ʻEulopa. Ua mahalo ʻia lākou no ko lākou kūpaʻa a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. Pono nā dwarves e mālama i nā mea ʻino a pau.

Western Bosket me Hedge Tunnel
Western Bosket me Hedge Tunnel

ʻO ka pahu baroque maʻamau he "lāʻau" i ʻoki ʻia i loko o ka māla baroque Mirabell o Fischer von Erlach. ʻO nā kumulāʻau a me nā pā i hele ʻia e kahi koʻi pololei me nā ākea e like me ke keʻena. ʻO ka pahu pahu i hoʻohālikelike ai i ka hale kākela me kona mau alahele, nā alapiʻi a me nā keʻena a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka loko o ka hale kākela no ka hana ʻana i nā ʻaha mele a me nā leʻaleʻa liʻiliʻi ʻē aʻe. I kēia lā, ʻo ka pahu komohana o Mirabell Castle he ʻekolu lālani "alanui" o nā kumulāʻau linden hoʻoilo, i mālama ʻia i loko o ke ʻano geometrically cube-shaped e nā ʻoki maʻamau, a me kahi arcade me kahi trellis arch poepoe, ka awāwa pā Holo ʻo Maria a me nā keiki i ka hīmeni ʻana iā Do Re Mi.

ʻO nā tulips ʻulaʻula i loko o kahi hoʻolālā moena pua baroque i loko o ka māla nui o ka Mirabell Gardens, ʻo ka lōʻihi o ia mea e kuhikuhi ana i ka hema ma ke kuhikuhi o ka pā kaua ʻo Hohensalzburg ma luna o ke kūlanakauhale kahiko ma ka hema o ka Salzach. Ma hope o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻia ʻana o ka Archdiocese o Salzburg i ka makahiki 1811, ua unuhi hou ʻia ka māla ma ke ʻano māla ʻāina Pelekane o kēia manawa e Crown Prince Ludwig o Bavaria, me kahi hapa o nā wahi baroque i mālama ʻia. 

I ka makahiki 1893, ua ho'emi 'ia ka māla ma muli o ke kūkulu 'ana i ka Hale Hō'ike'ike 'o Salzburg, 'o ia ka hale nui e pili ana i ke komohana hema. ʻO ka Salzburg State Theatre ma Makartplatz i kūkulu ʻia e ka Viennese firm Fellner & Helmer, ka mea kūikawā i ke kūkulu ʻana i nā hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni, e like me ka New City Theatre ma hope o ka hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni kahiko, kahi i kūkulu ai ʻo Prince Archbishop Hieronymus Colloredo i ka makahiki 1775 ma kahi o kahi ballroom. e wāwahi ʻia ma muli o nā hemahema palekana.

Pāpā ʻo Borghesian
Pāpā ʻo Borghesian

ʻO nā kiʻi kiʻi o nā "Borghesi fencers" ma ka puka Makartplatz e like me nā replicas e pili ana i kahi kiʻi kahiko mai ke kenekulia 17 i loaʻa ma kahi kokoke i Roma a aia i ka Louvre i kēia manawa. ʻO ke kiʻi kahiko o ke kanaka koa e hakakā ana me ka mea holo lio, ua kapa ʻia ʻo Borghesian fencer. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka Borghesian fencer e kona hoʻomohala anatomical maikaʻi loa a no laila ʻo ia kekahi o nā kiʻi kiʻi mahalo nui ʻia i ka hana o Renaissance.

Halepule Trinity Hemolele, Dreifaltigkeitskirche
Halepule Trinity Hemolele, Dreifaltigkeitskirche

Ma 1694 Prince Archbishop Johann Ernst Graf Thun a me Hohenstein ua hoʻoholo e kūkulu i hale kāhuna hou 'no nā koleke ʻelua i hoʻokumu ʻia e ia me ka hale pule i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka Trinity Hemolele, Dreifaltigkeitskirche, ma nā palena hikina o ka māla Hannibal a laila, ka sloping. kahua ma waena o ka puka medieval a me ka hale aliʻi Mannerist Secundogenitur. I kēia lā, ʻo ka Makart square, ka māla Hannibal mua, ua hoʻomalu ʻia e ka façade o ka Holy Trinity Church i kūkulu ʻia e Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach i waenakonu o nā hale kulanui, ka hale kahuna hou '.

ʻO ka hale o Mozart ma Makart Square ma Salzburg
ʻO ka hale o Mozart ma Makart Square ma Salzburg

Ma ka "Tanzmeisterhaus", hale no. 8 ma Hannibalplatz, he huinahalike liʻiliʻi e piʻi aʻe ana, e pili ana i ka axis longitudinal i ka Trinity Church, i kapa hou ʻia ʻo Makartplatz i ka wā o ke ola ʻana o ka mea pena i hoʻonoho ʻia i Vienna e ka Emepera Franz Joseph I. ʻO nā aliʻi aliʻi, ʻo Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart a me kona mau mākua i noho i kahi hale ma ka papahele mua mai 1773 a hiki i kona neʻe ʻana i Vienna i 1781, i kēia manawa he hale hōʻikeʻike ma hope o ke keʻena ma Getreidegasse kahi i hānau ʻia ai ʻo Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart ua liʻiliʻi.

Salzburg Holy Trinity Church
Holy Trinity Church Facade

Ma waena o nā hale kiaʻi e kū mai ana, ʻo ka ʻaoʻao o ka Holy Trinity Church e koli i ka concave i ka waena me kahi puka aniani poʻe me nā tendrils, ma waena o nā pilasters ʻelua a me nā kolamu i hōʻike ʻia, hui pū ʻia, i kūkulu ʻia e Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach mai 1694 a 1702. ʻO nā hale kiaʻi ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua me nā bele a me nā uka uaki. Ma luna o ka attic, ke kapa o ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu me ka crook a me ka pahi kaua, ma ke ʻano he hiʻohiʻona kuʻuna o Prince Archbishop Johann Ernst von Thun a me Hohenstein, nāna i hoʻohana i kona mana ʻuhane a me ka honua. Ke kono nei ka concave central bay i ka mea nānā e neʻe kokoke a komo i ka hale pule.

Dreifaltigkeitskirche Tambour Dome
Dreifaltigkeitskirche Tambour Dome

ʻO ka pahu pahu, ka mea hoʻohui, cylindrical, open-window link ma waena o ka halepule a me ka dome, ua māhele ʻia i ʻewalu mau ʻāpana me nā puka aniani ʻāpana liʻiliʻi ma o nā pilasters pālua. Ua hana ʻia ka dome fresco e Johann Michael Rottmayr ma kahi o 1700 a hōʻike i ka poni ʻana o Maria me ke kōkua ʻana o nā ʻānela hemolele, nā kāula a me nā makua kāne. 

Aia ma ke kaupaku he lua pahu li'ili'i i ho'onohonoho 'ia me nā puka makani 'ehā. ʻO Johann Michael Rottmayr ka mea pena kiʻi hanohano a paʻa loa o ka Baroque mua ma Austria. Ua mahalo nui ʻia ʻo ia e Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, e like me kāna mau manaʻo i kūkulu ʻia ka Trinity Church e Prince Archbishop Johann Ernst von Thun a me Hohenstein mai 1694 a 1702.

Kalaiaina Ekalesia Trinity
Salzburg Trinity Church Kalaiaina

ʻO ka lumi nui oval e hoʻomaluʻia e ka mālamalama e'ālohilohi ana ma ka puka makani semicircular aia ma luna o ke kuahu nui, i māheleʻia i mau'āpana'āpana liʻiliʻi, kahi e hoʻokaʻawaleʻia ai nā'āpana liʻiliʻi i kapaʻia he mau pane slug i loko o ka honeycomb offset. ʻO ke kuahu kiʻekiʻe i loaʻa mai i kahi hoʻolālā na Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach. ʻO nā reredos o ke kuahu he aedicula, he hale kinikini me nā pilasters a me kahi ʻāʻī ʻāʻī ʻāpana pālahalaha. Hōʻike ʻia ka Holy Trinity a me nā ʻānela hoʻomana ʻelua ma ke ʻano he hui plastik. 

Hoʻokomo ʻia ka pulpito me ke keʻa o ke kahuna pule i loko o ka niche pā ma ka ʻākau. Aia nā pews ma nā paia diagonal ʻehā ma kahi papahele marble, nona kahi hiʻohiʻona e hōʻike ana i ka oval o ka lumi. Aia i loko o ka crypt kahi sarcophagus me ka puʻuwai o ka mea kūkulu hale ʻo Prince Archbishop Johann Ernst Count Thun a me Hohenstein e pili ana i kahi hoʻolālā a Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach.

puka francis salzburg
Francis Gate Salzburg

Linzer Gasse, ke alanui nui elongated o ke kaona kahiko o Salzburg ma ke kapa akau o ka Salzach, e alakai ana mai ka Platzl a i ka Schallmoserstraße ma ke ala o Vienna. Ma hope koke iho o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka Linzer Gasse ma ke kiʻekiʻe o Stefan-Zweig-Platz aia ka puka Francis ma ka ʻākau, hema, ʻaoʻao o ka Linzer Gasse. ʻO Francis Gate kahi ala kiʻekiʻe 2-storey, ʻo ka ʻīpuka kūʻokoʻa i Stefan-Zweig-Weg a i ke awa ʻo Francis a hiki i ka Monastery Capuchin ma Capuzinerberg. Aia ma ka piko o ke ala kaʻa ka pūʻali koa i kālai ʻia me ke kapa o Count Markus Sittikus o Hohenems, mai 1612 a i 1619 princebishop o ka archfoundation Salzburg, ka mea nāna i kūkulu i ka puka Francis. Ma luna aʻe o ka pahu pūʻali koa he hōʻoluʻolu ma luna o ka stigmatization o ka HL. Hōʻike ʻia ʻo Francis i ka hana ʻana me ka gable puhi ʻia, mai 1617.

Nā pale ihu ma Linzer Gasse Salzburg
Nā pale ihu ma Linzer Gasse Salzburg

ʻO ka manaʻo nui o ke kiʻi i paʻi ʻia ma Linzer Gasse aia ma luna o nā pale hao i ʻike ʻia he pale ihu. Ua hana ʻia nā pale ihu Artisanal mai ka hao e ka poʻe ʻeleʻele mai ka Middle Ages. Hoʻopili ʻia ka hana i hoʻolaha ʻia me nā hōʻailona e like me ke kī. ʻO Guilds nā hui o nā mea hana i hana ʻia i ka Middle Ages e pale i nā pono like.

ʻO Salzburg's Sebastians Church Interior
Sebastians Ekalesia Kalaiaina

Ma Linzer Gasse no. 41 aia ka halepule Sebastians me kona ʻaoʻao lōʻihi hema-hikina a me kona hale kiaʻi i ka laina me Linzer Gasse. ʻO ka hale pule mua o St. Sebastian mai ka makahiki 1505-1512. Ua kūkulu hou ʻia mai 1749-1753. ʻO ke kuahu kiʻekiʻe i loko o ka apse poepoe i hoʻihoʻi ʻia he hale kinikini concave me nā pūʻolo pilasters, he mau kia i hōʻike ʻia, entablature cranked pololei a me ka piko volute. Aia ma ke kikowaena he kiʻi me Mary me ke keiki mai ka makahiki 1610. Aia ma ka ʻāpana he hōʻoluʻolu o Saint Sebastian mai 1964. 

Puka Sebastian Cemetery Salzburg
Puka Sebastian Cemetery Salzburg

ʻO ke komo ʻana i ka hale kupapaʻu Sebastian mai Linzer Straße aia ma waena o ka hui mele o ka Sebastian Church a me ka Altstadthotel Amadeus. ʻO kahi puka aniani semicircular, kahi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e nā pilasters, entablature a me luna mai 1600 me kahi gable i puhi ʻia, aia i loko o ke kapa o ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu a kūkulu hale, ʻo Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich.

Ilina o Sebastians
Ilina o Sebastians

Hoʻopili ka hale kupapaʻu Sebastian i ke komohana ʻākau o ka hale pule Sebastian. Ua kūkulu ʻia ia mai 1595-1600 ma ka inoa o Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich ma kahi o kahi ilina i noho ʻia mai ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ke kenekulia 16, i hoʻohālike ʻia ma ka Italia Campi Santi. ʻO Camposanto, ʻItalia no "māla hoʻāno", ʻo ia ka inoa ʻItalia no ka pā hale kupapaʻu i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me ke ala e hāmama ana i loko. Hoʻopuni ʻia ka hale kupapaʻu ʻo Sebastian ma nā ʻaoʻao a pau e nā pou arcades. Hoʻopili ʻia nā arcades me nā kīwaha ma waena o nā kāʻei arched.

hale kupapaʻu mozart salzburg
ʻO Mozart Grave Salzburg

Ma ke kahua o ka hale kupapaʻu ʻo Sebastian e pili ana i ke ala i ka mausoleum, ua kūkulu ʻia ka hale kupapaʻu o ka ʻohana Nissen e Mozart enthusiast Johann Evangelist Engl. Ua male ʻo Georg Nikolaus Nissen iā Constanze, ka wahine kāne make ʻo Mozart. Ua kanu ʻia ka makua kāne o Mozart ʻo Leopold i loko o ka hale kupapaʻu i kapa ʻia me ka helu 83, i kēia lā ka lua kupapaʻu ʻo Eggersche ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o ka ilina. Ua waiho ʻia ʻo Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart e hoʻomaha ma St. Marx ma Vienna, kona makuahine ma Saint-Eustache ma Paris a me kona kaikuahine ʻo Nannerl ma St. Peter ma Salzburg.

Munich Kindl o Salzburg
Munich Kindl o Salzburg

Ma ke kihi o ka hale ma ke kihi o Dreifaltigkeitsgasse / Linzer Gasse, ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo "Münchner Hof", ua hoʻopili ʻia kahi kiʻi kiʻi i ka ʻaoʻao o ka papahele mua, e hōʻike ana i kahi mōneka stylized me nā lima hāpai, ʻo ka lima hema e paʻa ana i kahi. puke. ʻO ka ʻaʻahu o Munich he mōneka e paʻa ana i ka puke hoʻohiki ma kona lima hema, a e hoʻohiki ana ma ka ʻākau. Ua ʻike ʻia ka ʻaʻahu o Munich ʻo Münchner Kindl. ʻO ka Münchner Hof kahi i kū ai ka hale hoʻokipa kahiko loa ma Salzburg, ka "Goldenes Kreuz-Wirtshaus".

Salzach ma Salzburg
Salzach ma Salzburg

Holo ka Salzach i ka akau i loko o ka Inn. Ua aie kona inoa i ka moku paakai e lawelawe ana ma ka muliwai. ʻO ka paʻakai mai Hallein Dürrnberg ke kumu waiwai nui loa no nā archbishops Salzburg. Holo ka Salzach a me Inn ma ka palena me Bavaria kahi i waiho ai ka paʻakai ma Berchtesgaden. ʻO nā kūlana ʻelua i hoʻokumu i ke kumu no nā paio ma waena o ka Archbishopric o Salzburg a me Bavaria, i hōʻea i ko lākou kiʻekiʻe ma 1611 me ka noho ʻana o Berchtesgaden e Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich. ʻO ka hopena, ua noho ʻo Maximilian I, ke Duke o Bavaria, i Salzburg a koi aku i ke Aliʻi ʻAkipika ʻo Wolf Dietrich e haʻalele.

Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Salzburg Town Hall
Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Salzburg Town Hall

Ma ke alo o ke kaona, hehi oe i ka huinahalike o ke kaona. Ma ka hope o ke kaona kaona e ku ana ka halekiai o ke kaona ma ka aoao axis o ka rococo facade o ka hale. Hoʻonoho ʻia ka hale kiaʻi o ka hale kaona kahiko e nā pilasters nunui ma luna o ka cornice me nā pilasters kihi. Aia ma luna o ka hale kiaʻi he hale kiaʻi bele hexagonal liʻiliʻi me kahi dome he nui. Aia i loko o ka hale bele ʻelua mau bele liʻiliʻi mai nā kenekulia 14 a me 16 a me kahi bele nui mai ke kenekulia 20. I ka Middle Ages, ua hilinaʻi ka poʻe noho i ka bele, no ka mea, ua hoʻohui ʻia ka uaki hale kiaʻi i ka kenekulia 18. Hāʻawi ka bele i ka manawa o ka poʻe kamaʻāina a hoʻokani ʻia inā he ahi.

ʻO Salzburg Alter Markt
ʻO Salzburg Alter Markt

ʻO ka Alte Markt kahi ʻāpana ʻāʻī i hoʻopā ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau akau e ke alanui Kranzlmarkt-Judengasse a e ākea ana i kahi ʻano ʻāpana ʻehā ma ka hema a hāmama i ka hale. Hoʻokumu ʻia ka pāhaʻi e kahi lālani pani o nā hale kūlana kiʻekiʻe, 5 a 6 mau hale kaona, ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mau mea he medieval a mai ke kenekulia 16. ʻO nā hale he hapa 3- a i ka 4-, ʻo kekahi hapa 6- a i ka 8-axis a ʻo ka hapa nui he mau puka makani pāhaʻi a me nā eaves profiled. 

ʻO ka mana nui o nā facades slender plastered me nā canopies puka makani pololei, ka hoʻonaninani papa a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea hoʻonaninani nani mai ke kenekulia 19 e hoʻoholo i ke ʻano o ka lewa. Ua hoʻohana ka Josephine slab style i nā hale maʻalahi ma nā wahi e pili ana, i hoʻopau i ke kauoha tectonic i nā ʻāpana o nā paia a me nā papa. Aia ma ka waena o ka huinahā pili ma ka Alter Markt ka punawai makeke mua, i hoʻolaʻa ʻia iā St. Florian, me kahi kolamu Floriani i waenakonu o ka pūnāwai.

Ua kūkulu ʻia ke kīʻaha octagonal me ke kinikini Untersberg ma 1488 ma kahi o kahi lua huki kahiko ma hope o ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o kahi paipu wai inu mai Gersberg ma luna o ke alahaka o ke kūlanakauhale a i ka mākeke kahiko. Mai ka makahiki 1583 mai ka makahiki XNUMX mai ka makahiki XNUMX mai ka wiliwili i pena ʻia a pena ʻia ma ka pūnāwai, a ʻo nā ʻōniʻoniʻo o ia mau mea i pau i loko o nā grotesques i hana ʻia me ka metala, ibexes, nā manu, nā mea holo a me nā poʻo.

ʻO ka Alte Markt kahi ʻāpana ʻehā i hoʻopā ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao haiki akau e ke alanui Kranzlmarkt-Judengasse a e hoʻonui ʻia i kahi ʻano ʻehā ma ka hema a hāmama i ka hale. 

Hoʻokumu ʻia ka pāhaʻi e kahi lālani pani o nā hale kūlana kiʻekiʻe, 5 a 6 mau hale kaona, ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mau mea he medieval a mai ke kenekulia 16. ʻO nā hale he hapa 3- a i ka 4-, ʻo kekahi hapa 6- a i ka 8-axis a ʻo ka hapa nui he mau puka makani pāhaʻi a me nā eaves profiled. 

ʻO ka mana nui o nā facades slender plastered me nā canopies puka makani pololei, ka hoʻonaninani papa a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea hoʻonaninani nani mai ke kenekulia 19 e hoʻoholo i ke ʻano o ka lewa. Ua hoʻohana ka Josephine slab style i nā hale maʻalahi ma nā wahi e pili ana, i hoʻopau i ke kauoha tectonic i nā ʻāpana o nā paia a me nā papa. Ua hoʻonani ʻia nā paia o nā hale me nā pilaster ma kahi o nā pilaster nui. 

Aia ma ka waena o ka huinahā pili ma ka Alter Markt ka punawai makeke mua, i hoʻolaʻa ʻia iā St. Florian, me kahi kolamu Floriani i waenakonu o ka pūnāwai. Ua kūkulu ʻia ke kīʻaha octagonal me ke kinikini Untersberg ma 1488 ma kahi o kahi lua huki kahiko ma hope o ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o kahi paipu wai inu mai Gersberg ma luna o ke alahaka o ke kūlanakauhale a i ka mākeke kahiko. Aia ka Gersberg ma ke komohana hema ma waena o ka Gaisberg a me ke Kühberg, he pu'u komohana komohana ia o ka Gaisberg. Mai ka makahiki 1583 mai ka makahiki XNUMX mai ka makahiki XNUMX mai ka wiliwili i pena ʻia a pena ʻia ma ka pūnāwai, a ʻo nā ʻōniʻoniʻo o ia mau mea i pau i loko o nā grotesques i hana ʻia me ka metala, ibexes, nā manu, nā mea holo a me nā poʻo.

Ma ka pae o ka Florianibrunnen, ma ka aoao hikina o ka huinahalike, ma ka hale no. ʻO 6, ʻo ia ka lāʻau lapaʻau kahiko o ka mōʻī-Akipihopa i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 1591 i loko o kahi hale me nā puka aniani baroque hope a me nā hale me nā volutes apex mai ka waena o ke kenekulia 18.

ʻO ka lāʻau lapaʻau kahiko o ke aliʻi-archbishop ma ka papahele he 3-axis mua hale kūʻai mai a puni 1903. ʻO ka lāʻau lapaʻau i mālama ʻia, nā keʻena hana o ka lāʻau lapaʻau, me nā papa, nā papa kuhikuhi a me nā moku a me nā mea hana mai ka 18th kenekulia ʻo Rococo. . ʻO ka Hale kū'ai aia ma ka hale pili helu 7 a ua hoʻoili wale ʻia i kona wahi i kēia manawa, hale no. 6, i ka makahiki 1903.

Café Tomaselli ma Alter Markt No. 9 ma Salzburg i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 1700. ʻO ia ka cafe kahiko loa ma Austria. Ua ʻae ʻia ʻo Johann Fontaine, ka mea i hele mai Farani mai e lawelawe i ke kokoleka, kī a me ke kofe ma Goldgasse kokoke. Ma hope o ka make ʻana o Fontaine, ua loli ka lima o ka waihona kofe i kekahi mau manawa. I ka makahiki 1753, ua lawe ʻia ka hale kofe Engelhardsche e Anton Staiger, ka luna hoʻokolokolo o ʻAkipihopa Siegmund III. Helu Schrattenbach. I ka makahiki 1764 ua kūʻai ʻo Anton Staiger i ka "Abraham Zillnerische e noho ana ma ke kihi o ka mākeke kahiko", he hale nona kahi alo 3-axis e kū pono ana i ka Alter Markt a me kahi ʻaoʻao 4-axis e kū pono ana i Churfürststrasse a ua hoʻolako ʻia me kahi pā papahele sloping. nā puka makani ma kahi o 1800. Ua hoʻololi ʻo Staiger i ka hale kofe i hale nani no ka papa kiʻekiʻe. Ua hele pinepine nā lālā o ka ʻohana Mozart a me Haydn Café Tomaselli. Ua kūʻai ʻo Carl Tomaselli i ka hale ʻaina i ka makahiki 1852 a ua wehe i ke kiosk Tomaselli e kū pono ana i ka hale ʻaina ma 1859. Ua hoʻohui ʻia ka lānai ma 1937/38 e Otto Prossinger. Ma hope o ke Kaua Honua ʻElua, ua hoʻohana ka ʻAmelika i ka cafe ma lalo o ka inoa Forty Second Street Café.

Mozart Monument na Ludwig M. Schwanthaler
Mozart Monument na Ludwig M. Schwanthaler

Ua hana ʻo Ludwig Michael von Schwanthaler, ka hua hope loa o ka ʻohana kālai kiʻi kiʻekiʻe o Austrian ʻo Schwanthaler, i ka monument Mozart i ka makahiki 1841 ma ka manawa o ka makahiki 50 o ka make ʻana o Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ʻO ke kiʻi keleawe kokoke ʻekolu mika ke kiʻekiʻe, i hoʻolei ʻia e Johann Baptist Stiglmaier, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻoihana aliʻi ma Munich, ua kūkulu ʻia i ka lā 4 o Kepakemapa, 1842 ma Salzburg i waenakonu o ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo Michaeler-Platz.

Hōʻike ke kiʻi keleawe maʻamau i kahi Mozart i kahi kūlana contrapostal i ka ʻaʻahu a me ka ʻaʻahu, stylus, ka pepa mele (scroll) a me ka lei laurel. ʻO nā ʻōlelo hoʻohālike i hana ʻia ma ke ʻano he keleawe keleawe e hōʻike ana i ka hana a Mozart ma nā kahua o ka hale pule, ka ʻaha mele a me ke keʻena mele a me ka opera. Ua hana ʻia ʻo Mozartplatz o kēia lā i ka makahiki 1588 ma o ka hoʻohiolo ʻana i nā hale kaona like ʻole ma lalo o ke Kamāliʻikāne Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau. ʻO ka hale ʻo Mozartplatz 1 ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo New Residence, kahi i waiho ʻia ai ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Salzburg. ʻO ke kiʻi Mozart kekahi o nā kumuhana kāleka kaulana loa ma ke kūlanakauhale kahiko o Salzburg.

Drum Dome o ke Kollegienkirche ma Salzburg
Drum Dome o ke Kollegienkirche ma Salzburg

Ma hope o ka hale noho, ka pahu pahu o ka Salzburg Collegiate Church, i kūkulu ʻia ma kahi o Paris Lodron University mai 1696 a 1707 e Prince Archbishop Johann Ernst Graf von Thun a me Hohenstein e pili ana i nā hoʻolālā a Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach ma lalo o ka mākaʻikaʻi Ua māhele ʻia ʻo Johann Grabner ma ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo e nā kī pālua.

Aia ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka pahu pahu nā hale kiaʻi balustraded o ka Collegiate Church, ma nā kihi āu e ʻike ai i nā kiʻi. Hoʻokomo ʻia kahi kukui, kahi ʻano hana ākea ākea, ma ka dome pahu ma luna o ka maka dome. I loko o nā hale pule Baroque, ʻaneʻane i nā manawa a pau kahi kukui i ka hopena o kahi dome a hōʻike i kahi kumu nui o ka lā i hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻia.

Hale Noho Square Salzburg
Hale Noho Square Salzburg

Ua hana ʻia ka Residenzplatz e Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau ma ka wehe ʻana i ka lālani o nā hale kaona ma Aschhof ma kahi o 1590, kahi ʻāpana liʻiliʻi e pili ana i ka hale nui Hypo o kēia lā ma Residenzplatz, kahi i uhi ʻia ma kahi o 1,500 m², a me ka hale kupapaʻu hale pule, aia ma ka ʻākau o ka hale pule i loaʻa. Ma ke ʻano he pani no ka hale kupapaʻu hale pule, ua hana ʻia ka hale kupapaʻu Sebastian ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka halepule o St. Sebastian ma ke kapa ʻākau o ke kūlanakauhale kahiko. 

Ma ka ʻaoʻao o Aschhof a me nā hale o ke kūlanakauhale, ua holo ka pā paʻa a puni ka hale kupapaʻu hale pule i kēlā manawa, ʻo ka pā hale kākela, e hōʻike ana i ka palena ma waena o ke kūlanakauhale aliʻi a me ke kaona. Ua hoʻoneʻe hou ʻo Wolf Dietrich i kēia pā i ka hale pule i ka makahiki 1593. ʻO kēia ke ʻano o ka hana ʻana o ka square ma mua o ka hale kahiko a me ka hale hou, i kapa ʻia ia manawa ʻo ka square nui.

Hale Kiko o ka Aha
Hoʻopili ka ʻAha ʻAha i ka Cathedral Square me Franziskaner Gasse

ʻO ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo Wallistrakt, ka mea i kēia lā kahi ʻāpana o ke Kulanui ʻo Paris-Lodron, i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 1622 e Prince Archbishop Paris Count von Lodron. Ua kapa ʻia ka hale ʻo Wallistrakt mai ka kamaʻāina ʻo Maria Franziska Countess Wallis. 

ʻO ka ʻaoʻao kahiko loa o ka ʻāpana Wallis ʻo ia ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo ka hale kia pā hale me kahi facade ʻekolu-papa i hana ʻia i ka paia komohana o ka square cathedral. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā hale papa e nā papalua paʻa paʻa, i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma luna o nā puka makani. Hoʻokūpaʻa ʻia ka facade pālahalaha e nā pilasters kihi rusticated a me nā koʻi pukaaniani. 

Aia ma ka papahele ʻelua ka papahele nui o ka hale pio o ke aloaliʻi. Ma ka ʻākau, pili ia ma ka ʻēheu hema o ka hale noho, ma ka hema, ma ka Archabbey o St. Peter. Aia ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o ka hale hoʻokipa o ka pā hale ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo St. Peter, kahi hapa o ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike DomQuartier. Aia nā keʻena o ke aliʻi-archbishop o Wolf Dietrich ma kēia ʻāpana hema o ka hale hoʻokolokolo. 

He hale kia 3-axis, 2-storey i kūkulu ʻia i ka makahiki 1604 ma lalo o ke Aliʻi Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau. Hoʻopili nā pā hale i ka Domplatz me ke axis Franziskanergasse Hofstallgasse, e holo pololei ana i ka facade o ka hale pule a ua hoʻopau ʻia i ka makahiki 1607. 

Ma ke alo o ka pā hale, komo kekahi i ka pā o ka halepule halepule mai ke komohana mai, me he mea lā ma ka puka lanakila. ʻO ka "porta triumphalis", ka mea i manaʻo mua ʻia e wehe me ʻelima mau ʻaka i ke kahua hale pule, ua hoʻokani i kahi hana ma ka hopena o ka huakaʻi a ke aliʻi-kipihopa.

Hoʻolaʻa ʻia ka Salzburg Cathedral i ka hll. ʻO Rupert lāua ʻo Virgil. Hoʻolauleʻa ʻia ke kākoʻo ma ka lā 24 o Kepakemapa, ʻo St. Rupert's Day. ʻO ka Salzburg Cathedral kahi hale Baroque i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 1628 e Prince Archbishop Paris Count von Lodron.

Aia ke ala ma ka hikina, ma mua o ka hale pule. Ma luna aʻe o ke keʻa ʻo ka 71 mika dome pahu kiʻekiʻe o ka hale pule me nā pilasters kihi a me nā puka aniani. Aia i loko o ka dome he ʻewalu frescoes me nā hiʻohiʻona mai ke Kauoha Kahiko i ʻelua lālani. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona e pili ana i nā hiʻohiʻona o ka Passion of Christ in the nave. Ma waena o nā lālani frescoes he lālani me nā puka makani. Hiki ke loaʻa nā hōʻike o nā ʻelele ʻehā ma nā ʻāpana ʻāpana o ka dome.

Ma luna aʻe o nā kia keʻeʻe ʻana he trapezoidal pendants no ka hoʻololi ʻana mai ka papahele huinahā like o ke keʻa ʻana i ka pahu octagonal. ʻO ka dome ke ʻano o kahi waihona monastery, me ka ʻili ʻāwili e lilo i haiki i luna ma luna o ke kumu octagonal o ka pahu ma kēlā me kēia ʻaoʻao o ka polygon. Aia i loko o ka piko waena he ʻano hana hamama ma luna o ka maka dome, ka lama, kahi i noho ai ka ʻUhane Hemolele me he manu nūnū lā. Loaʻa i ke keʻa nā kukui a pau mai ke kukui dome.

Ma Salzburg Cathedral i loko o ke kukui mele mele hoʻokahi-nave, i loko o ke kuahu kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, kahi hale i hana ʻia i ke kinikini me nā pilasters a me ka curved, blown gable. ʻO ke poʻo o ke kuahu kiʻekiʻe me ka puʻu triangular gable i hana ʻia e nā volutes a me nā caryatids. Hōʻike ka papa kuahu i ke ala hou ʻana o Kristo me ka Hll. ʻO Rupert lāua ʻo Virgil i ka paukū. I loko o ka mensa, ka papaʻaina o ke kuahu, aia kahi waihona o St. Rupert a me Virgil. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Rupert iā St. Peter, ka monastery mua o Austria, ʻo Virgil ka ʻAbbot o St. Peter a kūkulu i ka hale pule mua ma Salzburg.

ʻO ka piko o ka Salzburg Cathedral he ʻehā-bayed. Hoʻopili ʻia ka piko nui ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua me kahi lālani o nā hale pule a me nā oratorio ma luna. Hoʻonohonoho ʻia nā paia e nā pilasters ʻelua i ka hoʻonohonoho nui, me nā kumu maʻemaʻe a me nā poʻo kumu. Aia ma luna o nā pilasters he entablature pōʻai puni, kahi e kau ai ka pahu pahu pahu me nā kaula ʻelua.

ʻO ka cranking ke kaha kiʻi ʻana o kahi cornice ākea a puni ka pā pōhaku kū pololei, e huki ana i kahi cornice ma luna o kahi mea e kū ana. Hoʻomaopopo ʻia ka huaʻōlelo entablature ʻo ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa o nā mea hoʻolālā ʻāpae ma luna o nā kia.

Aia i loko o nā keʻena ma waena o ka pilaster a me ka entablature he mau kiʻekiʻe arched arcades, protruding balconies e kau ana ma luna o nā ʻoliʻoli volute a me nā puka haʻiʻōlelo ʻelua ʻāpana. ʻO Oratorios, nā lumi pule liʻiliʻi kaʻawale, aia me he lāʻau lā ma ka hale kiʻi o ka nave a he mau puka i ka lumi nui. ʻAʻole wehe ʻia kahi haʻiʻōlelo i ka lehulehu, akā mālama ʻia no kahi hui kikoʻī, no ka laʻana, nā kahuna pule, nā lālā o ke kauoha, nā kaikunāne a i ʻole ka poʻe manaʻoʻiʻo hanohano.

Hoʻohui ʻia nā lima transverse-nave hoʻokahi a me ka papa mele i loko o ka ʻauamo ʻāʻī i ke keʻa huinahā i loko o ka hapalua pōʻai. I loko o ka conche, ka semicircular apse, o ka papa himeni, 2 o nā papa pukaaniani 3 i hui pū ʻia e nā pilasters. Hoʻopili ʻia ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke ala o ka nave nui, nā lima transverse a me ka papa mele e nā papa he nui o nā pilasters.

Hoʻopiha ʻia nā trikonchos i ka mālamalama a ʻo ka nave i loko o ka pōʻeleʻele ma muli o ke kukui pololei ʻole. He ʻokoʻa me ka papahele papahele ma ke ʻano he keʻa Latin, kahi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ai ka piko pololei ma ke ʻano o ke keʻa i nā kihi ʻākau e ka transept pololei like, ma ka papa mele ʻekolu-conch, trikonchos, ʻekolu conches, ʻo ia hoʻi nā apses semicircular o ka nui like. , ma nā ʻaoʻao o ka huinahā like me kēia i hoʻonohonoho ʻia kekahi i kekahi i like ke ʻano o ka papahele me ka lau clover.

ʻO ka stucco keʻokeʻo me nā kumu hoʻonani nui me ka ʻeleʻele ma ka lalo a me ke kaumaha e hoʻonani i nā festoons, ka hiʻohiʻona i hoʻonani ʻia mai lalo mai o nā ʻaka, nā ala hale pule a me nā ʻāpana pā ma waena o nā pilasters. Hoʻonui ka stucco ma luna o ka entablature me kahi frieze tendril a hana i kahi ʻano o nā kahua geometric me nā kiʻi i hoʻopili pono ʻia i ka vault ma waena o nā chord. ʻO ka papahele o ka hale pule he Untersberger mālamalama a me ke kinikini Adnet ʻulaʻula.

Pakaua ʻo Salzburg
Pakaua ʻo Salzburg

Aia ka Papu Hohensalzburg ma ka Festungsberg ma luna o ke kūlanakauhale kahiko o Salzburg. Ua kūkulu ʻia e Archbishop Gebhard, he kanaka beatified o ka Archdiocese o Salzburg, ma kahi o 1077 ma ke ʻano he hale aliʻi Romanesque me kahi pā pōʻai e hoʻopuni ana i ka puʻu. Ua hana ikaika ʻo Archbishop Gebhard i ka hale pule o Emperor Heinrich III, 1017 - 1056, Roman-German King, Emperor a me Duke o Bavaria. I ka makahiki 1060 ua hele mai ʻo ia i Salzburg ma ke ʻano he archbishop. Ua hāʻawi nui ʻo ia iā ia iho i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i ka diocese Gurk (1072) a me ka Benedictine monastery Admont (1074). 

Mai ka makahiki 1077 mai, ua noho oia ma Swabia a me Saxony no 9 makahiki, no ka mea, mahope iho o ka waiho ana a me ke kipaku ia ana o Heneri IV, ua hui aku oia me ke alii kue o Rudolf von Rheinfelden a ua hiki ole ke ku e ia Heinrich IV. i loko o kona archbishopric. Ma kahi o 1500, ua hoʻolako nani ʻia ka hale noho ma lalo o ka ʻAikipika Leonhard von Keutschach, ka mea i noho aliʻi i ka absolutist a me ka nepotist, a ua hoʻonui ʻia ka pā kaua i kona ʻano i kēia manawa. ʻO ka hoʻopilikia wale ʻole ʻana o ka pā kaua i hana ʻia i ke kaua ʻo Peasants ma 1525. Mai ka hoʻokumu ʻana o ka archbishopric i ka makahiki 1803, aia ka pā o Hohensalzburg i ka lima o ka mokuʻāina.

Loko Lio Salzburg Kapitel
Loko Lio Salzburg Kapitel

Aia i ka Middle Ages aia kahi "Rosstümpel" ma Kapitelplatz, i kēlā manawa aia i waenakonu o ka pā. Ma lalo o Prince Archbishop Leopold Freiherr von Firmian, he kaikunāne o Prince Archbishop Johann Ernst Graf von Thun a me Hohenstein, ua kūkulu ʻia ka cruciform complex hou me nā kihi curved a me ka balustrade i ka makahiki 1732 e like me ka hoʻolālā ʻana a Franz Anton Danreiter, ka luna nui o ka Salzburg. māla hoʻokolokolo.

ʻO ke komo ʻana o nā lio i ke kīʻaha wai e alakaʻi pololei i ka hui o nā kiʻi kiʻi, e hōʻike ana i ke akua kai Neptune me ka trident a me ka lei aliʻi ma luna o ka lio kai hoʻoheheʻe wai me 2 mau ʻaoʻao wai-spouting tritons ma nā ʻaoʻao, nā mea hybrid, ʻo ka hapalua o ia. He kino luna kanaka a he kino i'a like me ka huelo, i loko o kahi niche Poʻe i loko o ka aedicule me ka pilaster pālua, entablature pololei a me ka piko volute gable i lei ʻia e nā ipu hoʻonani. ʻO ke kiʻi baroque, neʻe i hana ʻia e ka Salzburg sculptor ʻo Josef Anton Pfaffinger, nāna i hoʻolālā i ka pūnāwai Floriani ma Alter Markt. Ma luna aʻe o ka ʻike ʻana he chronogram, he palapala ma ka ʻōlelo Latina, kahi e hāʻawi ai nā hua nui i hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka helu makahiki ma ke ʻano he helu, me ke kapa kila o Prince Archbishop Leopold Freiherr von Firmian ma ke kahua gable.

Noho ʻo Hercules Fountain Salzburg
Noho ʻo Hercules Fountain Salzburg

ʻO kekahi o nā mea mua āu e ʻike ai i ke komo ʻana i ka pā nui o ka hale kahiko mai Residenzplatz, ʻo ia ka grotto niche me kahi pūnāwai a me Hercules e pepehi ana i ka deragona ma lalo o nā arcades o ka vestibule komohana. ʻO nā kiʻi Hercules nā monuments o Baroque i kauoha ʻia i hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻano politika. He hero kaulana ʻo Hercules no kona ikaika, he kiʻi mai ka moʻolelo mele Helene. He kuleana koʻikoʻi ka moʻomeheu hero no ka mokuʻāina, no ka mea, ʻo ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i nā kiʻi semi-divine i hōʻike ʻia i ka legitimation a hōʻoia i ka pale akua. 

ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana o ka pepehi ʻana o ka deragona e Hercules i hoʻokumu ʻia ma kahi hoʻolālā a ke Aliʻi Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, nona ka hale hou ma ka hikina o ka hale pule i kūkulu hou ʻia a ʻo ka hale o ka archbishop maoli ma ke komohana o ka hale pule i kūkulu hou ʻia.

lumi ʻaha kūkā ma ka hale noho ʻo Salzburg
Hale Ahaolelo Salzburg Noho

ʻO Hieronymus Graf von Colloredo, ka mōʻī aliʻi ʻo Salzburg hope loa ma mua o ka secularization i ka makahiki 1803, ua hoʻonani ʻia nā paia o nā keʻena mokuʻāina o ka hale me nā mea hoʻonaninani maikaʻi i ke keʻokeʻo a me ke gula e ka mea hoʻonaninani ʻo Peter Pflauder e like me ka ʻono classicist o ka manawa.

ʻO nā kapuahi hoʻoheheʻe kahiko kahiko i mālama ʻia mai nā makahiki 1770 a me 1780. I ka makahiki 1803, ua hoʻololi ʻia ka ʻAipihopa nui i aupuni aupuni. Me ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka ʻaha imperial, ua hoʻohana ʻia ka hale noho e ka ʻohana imperial Austrian ma ke ʻano he hale noho lua. Ua hoʻolako nā Habsburgs i nā lumi moku'āina me nā lako mai ka Hofimmobiliendepot.

ʻO ka lumi hālāwai kūkā e hoʻomaluʻia e ke kukui uila o 2 chandeliers, i manaʻo muaʻia no ka hoʻohanaʻana me nā kukui, e kau ana mai ke kaupaku. ʻO Chamdelier nā mea kukui, i kapa ʻia ʻo "Luster" ma Austria, a me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kumu kukui a me nā aniani e hoʻohuli i ka mālamalama e hana i kahi pāʻani o nā kukui. Hoʻohana pinepine ʻia nā chandelier no nā kumu hōʻike i loko o nā keʻena i hōʻike ʻia.

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